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Indicators

Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

While the signs are noticed by the doctor and people around the addict, the symptoms are known to the addict alone. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.

Substance reliance - when a man is dependent on a substance, for example, a medication, liquor or nicotine, they are not ready to control the utilization of that substance. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).


Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The condition of the person, their family lineage, the substance in question, and the person involved are some of the factors that determine the possible signs and symptoms of addiction.

Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include:

  • It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. There are urges, spells of moodiness, fits of rage, poor concentration, a feeling of being sad and empty, anger, resentment and frustration.
  • There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
  • Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
  • Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
  • Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
  • Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
  • Taking risks (2) - driving at a higher speed is one of the risks the addict may easily take when they have taken the substance.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
  • Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
  • Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
  • Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. Some consequences to this are blacking out and not being able to remember periods of time and even physical symptoms, like the presence of a persistent cough or sore throat in a heavy smoker.
  • Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
  • Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
  • Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
  • Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.

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Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.